The force with which blood pumps from the heart to the arteries is known as blood pressure, and a normal blood pressure reading should be equal to or less than 120/80 mm Hg.
High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, means that the blood is flowing more forcefully through your arteries which increases the pressure on them and in turn causes damage to them.
High blood pressure is a serious health problem that can lead to heart failure, strokes or even kidney failure. If the blood pressure reading is 140/90 mm Hg or above, then it is considered to be high.
When your heart beats, it squeezes blood into the arteries and creates pressure. The systolic pressure or top number represents the heart’s force of moving the blood into those arteries. Between beats, the heart is at rest while it refills with blood. The diastolic pressure, or bottom number, measures the pressure in the arteries while the heart is resting.
The American College of Cardiology, in 2017, lowered the numbers for the diagnosis of hypertension to 130/80mm Hg and higher for all adults.
The new guidelines are made to bring more people into the hypertensive range to favor the pharma companies to make more money.
Despite the exact cause of hypertension being unknown, there are some risk factors which can lead to blood pressure. These include:
High blood pressure is called the “Silent Killer” because it often has no warning signs or symptoms, and many people do not know they have it.
A few people with high blood pressure may have:
But these signs and symptoms aren’t specific and usually don’t occur until high blood pressure has reached a severe or life-threatening stage.
The first step towards preventing high blood pressure is having a healthy lifestyle. You can incorporate the following in your lifestyle for preventing and reducing the risk of high blood pressure-
If you notice your blood pressure in the pre-hypertension range, then consult your doctor and work with him/her to take steps to bring it down. The treatment plan would include medication, changes in your lifestyle or therapies.
If your blood pressure reading is 130/88 mm Hg or above, or if instead of stabilizing or lowering, your blood pressure keeps rising despite following any of the below remedies, then visit the doctor immediately.
Regularly monitor your blood pressure either at home or visit the doctor to monitor is recommended. You would need immediate medical attention in case of constantly high blood pressure reading.
Here are 10 food-based home remedies for high blood pressure.
Lemons help decrease rigidity from blood vessels by keeping them soft and pliable. This, in turn, helps reduce the blood pressure.
In addition, lemons also help lower your chances of heart failure due to their vitamin C content. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps neutralize the harmful effects of free radicals.
Watermelon seeds contain a compound called cucurbocitrin, which helps widen the blood capillaries. This compound also helps improve kidney functioning, which in turn reduces blood pressure levels and also helps a lot with arthritis.
A pilot study published in the American Journal of Hypertension in 2011, reports that watermelon helps lower the blood pressure due to its vasodilatory effect.
Several studies have demonstrated blood pressure lowering effects of garlic. Garlic (both raw and cooked) helps control high blood pressure and at the same time reduce cholesterol levels.
Garlic helps relax blood vessels by stimulating the production of nitric oxide and hydrogen sulfide.
Eating bananas regularly help people with high blood pressure control it. Bananas are a rich source of potassium, which lessens the effect of sodium.
So, try to eat 1 or 2 bananas daily. Along with bananas, you can try dried apricots, raisins, currants, orange juice, spinach, zucchini, baked sweet potatoes, cantaloupe, and winter squash.
The high level of the phytochemical 3-N-butylphthalide present in celery greatly helps control high blood pressure. Phthalides help relax the muscles in and around arterial walls, thereby creating more space and allowing the blood to flow in without difficulty.
At the same time, it can help reduce the stress hormones that constrict blood vessels, which contributes to high blood pressure.
Try to eat 1 stalk of celery along with a glass of water daily. If you prefer, you can munch on celery throughout the day.
People with high blood pressure must keep their bodies well hydrated. Drinking 8 to 10 glasses of water every day is a good idea. Coconut water is particularly beneficial for lowering systolic blood pressure.
A 2005 study published in the West Indian Medical Journal found that coconut water, being rich in potassium, magnesium and vitamin C can help decrease systolic blood pressure. Along with coconut water, you can also use coconut oil when cooking.
Those suffering from mild hypertension can benefit from eating cayenne pepper. It facilitates a smooth blood flow by preventing platelets from clumping together and accumulating in the blood.
You can add some cayenne pepper to fruit or vegetable salad, or add a pinch to a bowl of soup. Because cayenne pepper is quite spicy, you need to use only a little bit.
Onions have also been found to lower your blood pressure due to the presence of an antioxidant flavonol called quercetin.
Honey not only reduces pressure from the heart, but it also has a calming effect on blood vessels. Hence, it can be quite helpful in reducing high blood pressure.
Fenugreek seeds have shown anti-hypertensive effects[ due to their high potassium and dietary fiber content.
In addition to using these natural remedies as part of treatment for high blood pressure, it is essential to follow your doctor’s medical and dietary advice and go for regular check-ups.
Answered by Dr. Nieca Goldberg, MD (Cardiologist)
Shortness of breath, chest tightness, headache, nausea, and vomiting, are all probable indicators of dangerously high blood pressure. Severe hypertension can lead to stroke or heart attack.
If you have any of the symptoms I have listed above, severe hypertension with blood pressure greater than or equal to 180/90, go to an emergency room immediately.
Yes, you can have high blood pressure and no symptoms. High blood pressure is often called the “silent killer.” If your blood pressure reading is at or greater than 130/80, it is considered to be in the high range. Persistently elevated blood pressure is a risk factor for heart attack and stroke, and can even cause heart failure if left untreated.
A healthy person without high blood pressure is recommended to get his/her blood pressure evaluated during their annual physical examination. People who are prone to high blood pressure, however, require more frequent medical visits and the doctor may even recommend a home blood pressure monitoring schedule.
Honey is thought to be helpful because it contains antioxidants. However, it may not be enough to lower blood pressure. I recommend a combination of diet and exercise to lower blood pressure. Additionally, the use of healthy lifestyle changes along with medication to lower blood pressure. Besides, many people with high blood pressure also have a diabetes problem, which makes honey an unsuitable choice for treating their condition.
If the blood pressure is persistently elevated despite healthy changes described above.
If blood pressure is very high, it should not be treated at home. People should work with their doctor to make the best recommendations to lower blood pressure.
There are no drinks that lower blood pressure. Keep alcohol intake low, one drink a day for women or up to two drinks daily for men. Cut back on soda as it can lead to weight gain, a contributing factor for high blood pressure.
Smoking causes spasm or tightening of your blood vessels, thereby raising blood pressure.
Sleeping less than 7 hours per night leads to high blood pressure and weight gain. Higher blood pressure and weight gain are caused by the increase in stress hormones that are released due to lack of sleep.
About Dr. Goldberg: She is the Medical Director of the Joan H. Tisch Center for Women’s Health at the NYU Langone Medical Center. She is also the Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine at the NYU School of Medicine and the Co-Medical Director of the 92nd Street Y’s Cardio Rehab Program.
She also hosts a radio show on Doctor Radio SIRIUS XM 81 of “Beyond the Heart.” Dr. Goldberg is a national spokesperson for the American Heart Association and has started the “Go Red for Women” campaign.
She is the author of “Dr. Nieca Goldberg’s Complete Guide to Women’s Health” and another highly acclaimed award-winning book “The Women’s Healthy Heart Program.”
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