The skin is the largest organ of the human body, which forms a protective barrier between the body and the harmful elements of the outside environment, such as toxins and bacteria.
Moreover, it keeps the integrity of our internal system intact. It is soft and flexible enough to stretch and allow movement, but tough enough to resist breaking or tearing. The texture and density of the skin are not uniform and vary from one part of the body to another.
The skin comprises two main layers – the epidermis and the dermis. The outermost surface layer is known as the epidermis, which is made of several sheets of dead skin cells. Underneath the epidermis lies the dermis, which consists of protein fibers (collagen) that give the skin strength and elastic fibers (elastin) that make the skin supple. Furthermore, the dermis consists of hair follicles, sebaceous glands, nerves, and blood vessels.
An abrasion refers to the rupturing of the epidermis or external layers of the skin.
Most of us have ended up with skin abrasions at one point or another. An abrasion refers to a wound to the skin. It is no deeper than the epidermis.
An abrasion, also known as a graze or a scrape, may range from mild to severe.
Thin-skinned bony areas such as the knees, ankles, and elbows are more prone to abrasions than areas with thicker, more padded skin. Also, children are more likely to get abrasions than adults.
An abrasion usually occurs when exposed skin is damaged by sudden with a rough surface, which causes the upper layer of the skin to rub away. At times, it can be due to an insect bite or allergic reaction.
The abraded skin looks torn or worn off. Other symptoms include:
Mild abrasions do not scar, but deep abrasions may leave scar tissue.
Here are some home remedies for skin abrasions.
The first step in treating an abrasion is to clean the area, as recommended by the American Academy of Dermatology.
Cleaning the affected area helps clear away all the dirt and debris and ensure optimal healing. In addition, it helps prevent infection.
Aloe vera is an effective remedy for skin abrasions due to its anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, and skin-repairing properties. It also keeps the skin well moisturized and promotes healing.
In an experiment conducted on rats, it was observed that topical application of aloe vera was effective in improving the morphological, biomechanical, and biochemical characteristics of healing cutaneous wounds. This option of treatment can be useful in clinical practice.
Honey has antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial properties which facilitate quick healing of abraded skin and is effective in preventing infection. It also helps reduce the possibility of scarring.
The manuka honey used in products for wound treatment can maintain sufficient activity for inhibiting bacterial growth despite being diluted with considerable amounts of wound exudate.
Evidence also suggests that honey produces bioactivities that stimulate the immune response, decrease inflammation, and bring about quick autolytic debridement. The stimulation of immune response caused by these bioactivities is effective in promoting the growth of tissues for repairing wounds. These actions are backed by clinical evidence and can be explained scientifically.
Turmeric is a time-honored remedy for various minor skin problems, including abraded skin. Its natural antibacterial and antiseptic properties keep the affected area free from infection and facilitate wound healing.
The evidence that curcumin has the ability to decrease the body’s natural response (such as inflammation and oxidation) to cutaneous wounds can be found in highlighted studies.
Also, drink a glass of turmeric milk twice daily to improve your body’s ability to heal quickly.
Coconut oil can also help treat abrasions due to its anti-inflammatory, moisturizing, and healing properties.
When applied to the affected area, it forms a thin protective layer that protects the damaged skin from dust, bacteria, and viruses. It also speeds up the healing process by helping repair damaged skin tissue.
It was demonstrated that VCO (Virgin Coconut Oil)-treated wounds took less time to heal, as suggested by a reduction in time taken for complete epithelization (formation of epithelial cells over a wound in a wound healing process) and higher levels of different skin components.
The high angiogenic (blood-vessel-forming) and the wound-healing ability of FVCO (Fermented Virgin Coconut Oil) was confirmed by a study. There is a possibility that this wound-healing potency can be mediated by the regulation of the VEGF (Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor) signaling pathway.
Calendula, also known as marigold, helps heal wounds and skin irritation. It has anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antifungal properties. These properties make calendula useful in disinfecting and treating minor wounds, including skin abrasions. In addition, it stimulates collagen production that helps repair damaged skin.
In a study conducted on rats with excision wounds, it was observed that there was a significant increase in the hydroxyproline and hexosamine content in the group treated with Calendula officinalis flower extract in comparison with the group that did not receive the treatment. The results suggest the potent wound-healing capabilities of the extract.
According to a narrative review of certain studies, there is little evidence to back the effectiveness of topical administration of calendula in the treatment of acute or chronic wounds. More research is required to find out whether calendula can be included in mainstream wound care.
Plantain leaves have excellent healing properties that can be effective in treating abrasions, cuts, or minor burns. The anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties in the leaves help relieve pain and itching. They also help speed up the healing process and prevent infection.
According to the University of Michigan, wound healing can be accelerated through the topical application of plantain.
You can also use over-the-counter plantain creams or ointments on abraded skin to facilitate healing.
Vitamin C is very effective in the treatment of all types of skin wounds. This powerful antioxidant boosts the immune system to fight off infection due to abrasion. It also promotes quick healing.
Vitamin C supports the synthesis, maturation, secretion, and degradation of collagen. The deficiency of this vitamin impacts the maturation phase by altering the collagen production and scar formation.
The following remedies are neither backed by scientific evidence nor are they reviewed by our health experts. Nonetheless, a number of general users have reported an improvement in their condition using these anecdotal remedies
Indian lilac, also known as neem grants a lot of health benefits and is very effective in treating abrasions. It has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties that disinfect the affected skin and protect it against infection. In addition, it helps build collagen to promote healing.
Vitamin E offers plenty of skin and hair benefits. The antioxidant properties of this important vitamin accelerate healing of damaged skin and help prevent infection. It even prevents scarring in deeper abrasions.
Also, eat more foods rich in vitamin E, such as milk, avocado, olives, sunflower seeds, spinach, asparagus, and whole grains.
Abrasions can be classified into the following categories:
With a little caution, you can prevent injuries and abrasions.
The tearing away of your body’s natural barrier, namely, the skin, makes it easier for infectious pathogens to breach into your system and cause secondary infections. Thus, one of the primary concerns associated with an open wound is the risk of an impending infection. It is important to get your wound checked by a doctor as soon as you notice even the slightest sign of an infection. Some of the most common indicators are:
Typically, skin abrasions heal within 5 to 10 days, depending on the severity of the wound. Home remedies can often be used to treat mild abrasions.
Generally, first-and second-degree abrasions don’t need medical intervention, unless you are concerned for the cosmetic appearance. Visit your doctor at once in case of a third-degree abrasion.
It is also recommended to visit a doctor immediately in case you experience:
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