NOTE: Keep in mind that even a minor head bump can cause bleeding in or around the brain, which can be serious and require immediate medical care.
Swelling on the head from a sudden injury, casually known as a ‘goose egg’, is a very common problem –particularly in children but also in adults.
A goose egg is a soft swelling on the forehead that occurs following an injury, due to the collection of fluids oozing out of damaged blood vessels.
Apart from the swelling, other common symptoms include mild to moderate pain and the site of the injury can be tender. There can also be bruising along with discoloration of the skin tissue.
Typically, these bumps or goose eggs are harmless and usually go away within a few days.
However, it is cause for concern if the swelling is accompanied by symptoms like drowsiness, nausea or sleepiness. Immediately see a doctor to rule out any damage to the brain. A detailed CT scan or an MRI can help your doctor evaluate the condition.
For mild cases, there are many home remedies that can help reduce the swelling as well as pain due to a bump on the head.
Here are the top 10 home remedies for swelling on the head due to an injury.
As soon as you notice a goose egg on your head, apply an ice pack directly on the area of impact. The cold temperature will promote vasoconstriction, or the tightening of your blood vessels, which in turn will limit swelling. A cold compress will also help ease pain.
Cold compresses should be applied for the first 24 to 48 hours.
You can also use a bag of frozen peas to make a nice ice pack.
Note: Do not apply ice directly on the skin, as it may cause frostbite.
After 24 hours have passed, you can apply a warm compress on the affected area.
A warm compress will increase blood flow to the area, which will promote healing by opening up the blood vessels to allow oxygenated blood and nutrients to reach the damaged tissues.
Keeping the swollen part elevated helps prevent further swelling by improving circulation. In fact, poor circulation can delay the healing process.
By keeping the head elevated above chest level, the swelling will reduce to a great extent.
Due to its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, arnica is an effective herb for treating a goose egg.
It promotes reabsorption of the fluids back into the blood vessels, which in turn reduces pain and swelling. Also, it improves blood circulation to support quick recovery.
Note: Do not use this herb on broken skin.
Black tea contains compounds known as tannins, which have excellent astringent qualities. So, black tea bags can help a lot to reduce swelling on the head after an injury.
Apple cider vinegar is another good home remedy to reduce swelling on the head due to some kind of injury. It has anti-inflammatory as well as alkalizing properties that can help reduce pain and inflammation.
Castor oil is another good home remedy. It can help reduce pain and swelling, due to its soothing and anti-inflammatory properties.
Turmeric is another good remedy for relieving pain and swelling of a goose egg on the head.
The active compound curcumin in turmeric contains antioxidant as well as anti-inflammatory properties that help reduce pain and swelling.
Onions that you use in your day-to-day cooking are another good remedy to reduce swelling on the head from an injury.
Onions have a significant amount of the bioflavonoid quercetin and sulfur compounds that provide anti-inflammatory effects.
Last but not least, it is very important to rest.
Proper rest for a day or two is essential to allow healing to take place and reduce the risk of further injury. Rest aids in repairing soft tissue damage that often occurs with minor injuries.
So, it’s time to grab some books or play soothing music and lie down on the bed. You can watch your favorite movie or call up some of your friends and spend quality time chatting.
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