Triglyceride is the most common type of fat (lipid) found in the blood, with almost 95% of the total body fat falling under this category. The body converts calories that it doesn’t need to use right away into triglycerides.
Triglycerides are stored in the fat cells and are circulated in the blood to provide energy for your muscles to work. Even though both triglyceride and cholesterol are lipids, the former is fat and the latter is not.
Moreover, triglycerides serve the function of providing energy, whereas cholesterol is needed by the body for hormone synthesis and cellular structure.
Despite the fact that triglycerides are essential sources of energy and necessary for the proper functioning of cells, elevated levels can pose many health risks.
What Causes a Rise in Triglyceride Levels?
A spike in your triglyceride level is most commonly associated with the following factors:
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Poorly controlled diabetes
- Underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism)
- Liver or kidney disease
- High-calorie diet, such that you consume more calories than you burn on a regular basis
- Cigarette smoking
- Excessive drinking
- Genetic factors
- Certain medicines, such as steroids and birth control pills, that may also raise triglycerides
- Metabolic syndrome
Metabolic syndrome is a combination of conditions, including high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high fat deposits around the waist, low high-density lipoprotein (HDL, or “good” cholesterol) level, and high triglycerides.
Thus, any person suffering from metabolic syndrome is likely to exhibit an elevated level of triglycerides.
Signs and Symptoms of High Triglyceride
High triglycerides usually do not cause symptoms. However, it can pose a risk of:
- Heart disease
- High blood pressure
- Cholesterol problems
A simple blood test that goes by the name of a lipid panel is administered to determine your triglyceride and cholesterol levels. Fasting for 8-12 hours prior to the test is advised to get an accurate measurement of your triglyceride level and to determine whether your triglycerides fall into a healthy range.
Normal triglyceride level – less than 150 mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter)
Borderline high triglyceride level – 150 mg/dL to 199 mg/dL
High triglyceride level – 200 mg/dL to 499 mg/dL
Very high triglyceride level – 500 mg/dL and above
Alternative Remedies for High Triglyceride levels
Here are 10 home remedies to reduce your triglycerides.
1. Add Garlic to Your Daily Diet
Garlic is one of the best remedies to reduce triglycerides.
A 2016 study published in the Journal of Nutrition found that garlic supplements have the potential of lowering blood pressure in hypertensive individuals, stimulating the immune system and regulating slightly elevated cholesterol concentration.
Another 2006 study published in the Journal of Nutrition further highlighted the effectiveness of garlic compounds in suppressing low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation, which may be one of the mechanisms that make garlic contributive to better cardiovascular health. However, further studies are required to comprehensively validate this health-promoting attribute of garlic.
Do take note that raw garlic has a more profound effect than boiled garlic in controlling these parameters, given fresh garlic has lipid-lowering activity.
- Eat 2 to 3 raw garlic cloves on an empty stomach daily for a few months. You can also include fresh garlic in your salad dressings.
- Alternatively, take garlic supplements after consulting your doctor.
2. Drink Apple Cider Vinegar with Honey
Apple cider vinegar also helps reduce triglycerides and cholesterol levels.
A 2008 study published in the Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences found that apple cider vinegar helped improve serum lipid profile in both normal and diabetic rats by decreasing triglycerides and low-density lipoproteins (LDL or ‘bad’ cholesterol) while raising HDL levels.
- Mix 1 teaspoon of raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar in a glass of water.
- Add a little raw honey to it.
- Drink this solution twice daily for at least a couple of months.
You can also mix apple cider vinegar with fresh orange, apple, grape, or other fruit juices.
3. Coriander Seed Powder can be Beneficial
Coriander seeds are a popular traditional treatment for high triglycerides.
According to a 2008 study published in the Journal of Environmental Biology, feeding coriander seeds to animals resulted in a significant decrease in their triglyceride and cholesterol levels. This was traced back to the significant hypolipidemic action of coriander seeds on the metabolism of lipids.
- Add 1 to 2 teaspoons of coriander seed powder to 1 cup of water.
- Boil the water, strain it, and allow it to cool.
- Drink this solution once or twice daily for a few months.
4. A Warm Cup of Cayenne Pepper Solution
Cayenne pepper, known for adding spicy heat to your foods, also helps lower triglycerides naturally. It contains an alkaloid compound, capsaicin, that helps reduce triglycerides and LDL cholesterol in obese individuals.
- Add a ½ to 1 teaspoon of cayenne pepper to 1 cup of hot water. Drink this solution twice daily for a few weeks.
- Another option is to take cayenne supplements. Consult your doctor for the proper dosage and its suitability for your case.
5. Incorporate Cinnamon in Your Diet
Cinnamon may help lower your triglycerides.
According to a 2003 study published in Diabetes Care, cinnamon improves the glucose and lipids in people with type 2 diabetes. Intake of 1 to 6 grams of cinnamon daily helped people with type 2 diabetes lower their triglycerides and LDL cholesterol.
A 2016 study published in the Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine found that supplementation with 500 mg of cinnamon extract for two months engendered a positive impact on the fasting insulin, blood glucose, total cholesterol, and LDL cholesterol levels while simultaneously enhanced the insulin sensitivity of subjects with elevated blood glucose.
- Add ¼ teaspoon of ground cinnamon to your morning oatmeal. You can also sprinkle ground cinnamon on smoothies, soups, and salads.
- Cinnamon is also available in capsule form at most drugstores and health food stores. Take the supplement after consulting your doctor.
6. Consume Red Yeast Rice
In Chinese medicine, red yeast rice is a popular and oft-recommended treatment for lowering triglycerides.
It contains a group of naturally occurring statins and has a marked modulating effect on lipids and C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations. This, in turn, helps lower triglycerides and high cholesterol levels.
A 1997 study published in Current Therapeutic research found that red yeast rice (scientifically known as Monascus purpureus) preparations in conjunction with a proper diet produced a favorable lipid-lowering effect in hyperlipidemic patients. Use red yeast rice by following the instructive guidelines that come with the packaging or as directed by your doctor.
7. Eating Reishi Mushroom can Help
Reishi mushroom is beneficial to the cardiovascular system due to its high content of heart-saving substances including sterols, ganoderic acids, coumarin, mannitol, and polysaccharides.
According to a 2016 study published in PLOS One, reishi mushrooms, scientifically known as Ganoderma lucidum and originating in Mexico, were found to contain bioactive compounds that exhibit hypocholesterolemic properties and prebiotic effects.
The ganoderic acids in Reishi mushroom help lower triglyceride levels, remove excess cholesterol from the blood, lower blood pressure, reduce platelet stickiness, and even help correct arrhythmias.
For lowering triglycerides, you can take reishi mushroom extract. The appropriate dose depends on factors such as age and current health conditions, so consult your doctor first.
8. Increase Your Fiber Intake
Fiber helps regulate the food absorbed and passed through your body, and high-fiber foods can significantly lower both your triglycerides and LDL cholesterol.
Both soluble and insoluble fibers help lower triglycerides. Soluble fiber binds the excess triglycerides like a gel, making it easier for the body to excrete it. It also reduces and slows down the absorption of fats and sugars.
Insoluble fiber helps control hunger pangs and increases the absorption of nutrients from your food, helping enormously if you are trying to lose weight.
- Eat foods high in soluble fiber such as oatmeal, bananas, peas, and strawberries.
- Eat foods high in insoluble fiber such as whole grains, whole-wheat products, beans, greens, and many vegetables.
9. Eat Omega-3 Fatty Acids Rich Food
Studies suggest that omega-3 fatty acids help reduce triglycerides by reducing the production of very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) by the liver, accelerating chylomicron and VLDL elimination from the blood and converting fatty acids into energy (oxidation).
A 2011 study found in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that two long-chain omega-3 fatty acids by the name of eicosatetraenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), when consumed in high dosage over the course of 8 weeks, had a mitigating effect on the triglyceride count of healthy adults with moderate hypertriglyceridemia.
- Dietary sources of omega-3 fatty acids are salmon, mackerel, cod, walnuts, legumes, green leafy vegetables, flaxseed oil, and soybean oil.
- You can also take a supplement. Consult your doctor for the correct dosage and how long to take the supplement.
10. Exercise Regularly
Physical activity may play a key role in reducing your triglyceride level. However, it is important to customize your exercise routine in accordance with the severity of your condition as well as individual risk factors.
Being active is the first step towards burning the extra fat and losing weight, which will automatically reflect in improved triglyceride levels. Moreover, it helps lower cholesterol and blood pressure too.
A 2013 study published by the Journal of Applied Physiology states that acute high-intensity endurance exercise is more effective than moderate-intensity exercise for attenuation of postprandial triglyceride elevation. Hence, high-intensity endurance exercises are the way to go if you want to keep your triglycerides in check.
Consult your doctor about the type of exercises that you can do given your particular health conditions.
Backenting High Triglyceride Levels
- Shedding the extra pounds can go a long way in reducing your triglyceride levels. If you are overweight, losing 5% to 10% of your body weight will do wonders for your health in general and triglyceride levels in particular.
- Cut down on added sugar by avoiding sweets, sodas, and other sugary beverages.
- Substitute saturated fats with healthy polyunsaturated fats such as safflower, corn, and soybean oils or healthy monounsaturated fats such as canola and olive oils.
- Because the excess carbohydrate in your diet is what gets later converted into triglycerides, it is essential to follow a low-carbohydrate diet.
- Minimize alcohol consumption, because even a small amount can cause significant damage as far as triglyceride levels are concerned.
- Follow a disciplined and regular eating pattern, broken down into six small meals over the course of the day rather than 3 large meals.
When to See a Doctor
Keeping regular tabs on your triglyceride levels goes a long way in preventing other associated maladies. Thus, it is imperative to get regular screenings done.
For adults above the age of 20, it is recommended to get a lipid profile every 4-6 years. As for children, it is well advised to get a lipid profile done once between the ages of 9 and 11 and then once more between 11 and 20.
If you have high triglycerides, you can reduce your level with lifestyle changes, a proper diet, and some simple home remedies. At the same time, you must continue to take the medicines prescribed by your doctor.
- Limit fructose by avoiding corn syrup and dried fruits, such as raisins and dates.
- Follow a moderately low-fat diet.
- Replace your regular dairy products with low-fat products.
- Cut back on saturated fats found in red meat, poultry, butter, cheese, milk, and coconut and palm oils.
- Avoid refined and processed foods that can cause a sudden rise in your body’s insulin, which can lead to a spike in triglycerides.
- Up the intake of tree nuts such as almonds, pecans, cashews, walnuts, etc., as they are rich sources of fiber, omega-3 fatty acids, and unsaturated fats.
- Cox RA. Cholesterol, Triglycerides, and Associated Lipoproteins. Clinical Methods: The History, Physical, and Laboratory Examinations. . Published January 1, 1990.
- Klop B, Elte JWF, Cabezas MC. Dyslipidemia in Obesity: Mechanisms and Potential Targets. Nutrients. . Published April 2013.
- Bitzur R, Cohen H, Kamari Y, Shaish A, Harats D. Triglycerides and HDL Cholesterol. Diabetes Care. . Published November 1, 2009.
- Bansal A, Kaushik A, Sarathe H. Effect of Thyroid on Lipid Profile and Renal Function: An Observational Study from Tertiary Care Centre of Tribal Region of Bastar. Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research. . Published 2014.
- Klop B, do AT, Cabezas MC. Alcohol and plasma triglycerides. Current opinion in lipidology. . Published August 2013.
- Genetic predisposition may put a person at risk of higher triglycerides, but adopting a healthy diet can help. Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition. . Published October 18, 2017.
- Yuan G, Al-Shali KZ, Hegele RA. Hypertriglyceridemia: its etiology, effects, and treatment. CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal. . Published April 10, 2007.
- Cullen P. Evidence that triglycerides are an independent coronary heart disease risk factor. The American Journal of Cardiology. . Published October 24, 2000.
- SS, IT, MY. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF TRIGLYCERIDE AND URIC ACID IN UNTREATED HYPERTENSION: Journal of Hypertension. Journal Of Hypertension. . Published June 2010.
- High blood triglycerides are an independent risk factor for stroke. EurekAlert!. . Published December 10, 2001.
- Ried K. Garlic Lowers Blood Pressure in Hypertensive Individuals, Regulates Serum Cholesterol, and Stimulates Immunity: An Updated Meta-analysis and Review. The Journal of nutrition. . Published January 13, 2016.
- Lau BHS. Suppression of LDL Oxidation by Garlic Compounds Is a Possible Mechanism of Cardiovascular Health Benefit. The Journal of nutrition. . Published March 1, 2006.
- Petsiou E, Mitrou P, Raptis SA, Dimitriadis GD. Effect and mechanisms of action of vinegar on glucose metabolism, lipid profile, and body weight. Nutrition Reviews. . Published October 1, 2014.
- Shishehbor F, Mansoori A, Sarkaki AR, Jalali MT, Latifi SM. Apple cider vinegar attenuates lipid profile in normal and diabetic rats. Pakistan journal of biological sciences: PJBS. . Published December 1, 2008.
- Dhanapakiam P, Joseph JM, Ramaswamy VK, Moorthi M, Kumar AS. The cholesterol-lowering property of coriander seeds (Coriandrum sativum): mechanism of action. Journal of environmental biology. . Published January 2008.
- Lee MS, Kim CT, Kim IH, Kim Y. Effects of capsaicin on lipid catabolism in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Phytotherapy research : PTR. . Published June 2011.
- Huang W, Cheang WS, Wang X. Capsaicinoids but Not Their Analogue Capsinoids Lower Plasma Cholesterol and Possess Beneficial Vascular Activity. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. . Published 2014.
- Khan A, Safdar M, Khan MMA, Khattak KN, Anderson RA. Cinnamon Improves Glucose and Lipids of People With Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Care. . Published December 1, 2003.
- Anderson RA, Zhan Z, Luo R, et al. Cinnamon extract lowers glucose, insulin, and cholesterol in people with elevated serum glucose. Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine. . Published October 2016.
- Wang J, Lu Z, Chi J. Multicenter clinical trial of the serum lipid-lowering effects of a Monascuspurpureus (red yeast) rice preparation from traditional Chinese medicine. Current Therapeutic Research. . Published October 10, 2001.
- Meneses ME, Martínez-Carrera D, Torres N, et al. Hypocholesterolemic Properties and Prebiotic Effects of Mexican Ganoderma lucidum in C57BL/6 Mice. PLOS ONE. . Published July 20, 2016.
- Berger A, Rein D, Kratky E, et al. Cholesterol-lowering properties of Ganoderma lucidum in vitro, ex vivo, and in hamsters and minipigs. Lipids in Health and Disease. . Published 2004.
- åman P. Cholesterol-lowering effects of barley dietary fiber in humans: scientific support for a generic health claim. Taylor & Francis. . Published December 13, 2016.
- Dahl WJ, Stewart ML. The position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Health Implications of Dietary Fiber. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. . Published November 2015.
- Kapoor K, Miller M. Patients With Very High Triglycerides and Treatment With Omega-3s. American College of Cardiology. . Published February 2, 2016.
- Etherton PK-, Harris WS, Heuvel JPV. Dose-response effects of omega-3 fatty acids on triglycerides, inflammation, and endothelial function in healthy persons with moderate hypertriglyceridemia. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. . Published December 15, 2010.
- Mann S, Beedie C, Jimenez A. Differential Effects of Aerobic Exercise, Resistance Training and Combined Exercise Modalities on Cholesterol and the Lipid Profile: Review, Synthesis, and Recommendations. Sports Medicine (Auckland, N.z.). . Published 2014.
- Trombold JR, Christmas KM, Machin DR, Kim IY, Coyle EF. Acute high-intensity endurance exercise is more effective than moderate-intensity exercise for attenuation of postprandial triglyceride elevation. Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985). . Published March 15, 2013.