Vomiting, or throwing up, is the forceful discharge of stomach contents through the mouth and is very common in children. Sometimes, vomiting may even prove beneficial in ridding their bodies off of unwanted substances and pathogens that they may have unknowingly ingested.
Usually, vomiting in children will cease on its own without the need for any medical intervention. It is, nevertheless, important to remain vigilant for signs of dehydration in children, and proactively try to settle their stomach and replenish the loss of fluid and energy before the condition escalates to a life-threatening level.
Vomiting is usually a symptom of some underlying ailment, such as-
In general, vomiting is often accompanied by other symptoms related to the specific illness or a result of general weakness. Some of the symptoms that may accompany vomiting are-
To reduce the chances of vomiting in children-
Sometimes, a visit to the doctor is a must, especially when there is prolonged vomiting, the child is dehydrated, the child is not able to keep fluids down for a span of 12 hours, and when the following symptoms are present- blurred vision, stiff neck, coughing, high fever, and migraine.
Vomiting and the associated symptoms are often “cured” once the cause of the problem subsides. In most cases, vomiting in children tends to stop without specific medical treatment. However, you can try some home remedies to stop the vomiting and make your child feel better.
Here are some home remedies to cure nausea and vomoting in children.
Vomiting can lead to loss of water in the body and ultimately dehydration, which can be harmful for your child. Hence, the first step to treat vomiting in children and stop dehydration is increasing water intake. A liquid diet is not only easy on the stomach, but it also goes a long way in restoring the body’s strength.
Water is usually enough to rehydrate your child’s body. It is essential that you give your child sufficient water to drink from time to time even if he/she does not feel particularly thirsty.
Moreover, a study suggests that parents should feel free to give young children with minimal dehydration apple juice or their favorite beverage instead of an electrolyte solution when they’re recovering from vomiting.
Homemade Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) is recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the first line treatment for dehydration. It is a quick fix solution to replenish the lost nutrients and fluids and can be easily prepared at home. Packs of ORS are readily available in the market as well.
A 2009 study published in the American Family Physician reports that oral rehydration therapy is the preferred treatment of mild to moderate dehydration caused by diarrhea in children.
Another good anecdotal remedy that has been proven by the research as well about its efficacy in stopping vomiting in children is fennel.
Fennel seeds soothe the digestive tract and ease nausea and vomiting. They also have antimicrobial properties that help prevent and treat stomach flu that could be causing the vomiting. Plus, its aromatic flavor helps calm the stomach.
Lemon can also help deal with chronic vomiting. Its zesty smell has an energizing effect on the body that can reduce nausea and prevent vomiting. Enriched with vitamins and minerals, lemon can help make up for those lost due to vomiting.
The high vitamin C content of lemons is another reason to include it in your treatment as it helps boost the body’s immunity. Even the acid in lemons helps kill bacteria that cause food poisoning and lead to vomiting.
Since vomiting and the accompanying nausea and uneasiness often render the child unable to even drink, let alone eat, acupressure serves as an effective non-drug treatment to check the persistent loss of fluid and minerals and prevent dehydration.
Traditional Chinese medicine prescribes different acupressure points on the body which are to be pressed for near instantaneous relief to the child in a painless manner. Applying pressure on these acupoints tends to release muscle tension and spur blood circulation that can help stop vomiting and nausea.
So it uses pressure to stimulate certain points in the body to relieve symptoms.
For instance, pressure point Neiguan (P6), located on the palm side of the forearm near your wrist, is pressed to help relieve nausea and vomiting.
To massage the P6 pressure point:
If your child is old enough, he/she can do it on his/her own.
Answered by Dr. Ahmed Samir Abouelnaga, MD (Pediatrician)
I guess the best remedy to stop vomiting in children instantly is to treat the main cause of vomiting first. There are a lot of simple home remedies such as making ice cubes from oral rehydration solutions, giving Gelatin to the child as an alternative to liquids, giving rehydration fluids 30 minutes after vomiting to reduce the likelihood that the child will immediately vomit again, and feed bland foods to the child once the vomiting ceases for about 8 hours. It is important to keep an eye out for dehydration symptoms and avoid using medications without the doctor’s approval.
It is important to administer more fluids to the child in case of excessive or frequent vomiting to prevent dehydration. The best fluid for this purpose is oral rehydration solution. If not tolerated by the child, he can be given other fluids to keep him hydrated and to ease nausea like: Ginger ale, Mint tea, Water, Warm Ginger tea, Fennel seeds or Cloves.
A lot of children have vomiting without fever especially in the case of viral gastroenteritis, commonly known as stomach flu. Many other causes like food allergy, concussion, intestinal obstructions, habitual vomiting, migraines, motion sickness, use of some medications or stress can induce vomiting without fever.
Certain conditions can cause nighttime vomiting such as: Gastroesophageal reflux, Gastroenteritis, Appendicitis, Head trauma, Migraines, Pancreatitis, Food poisoning, Hepatitis, and Peptic ulcers.
Some additional tips for management of vomiting in children include the following:
About Dr. Ahmed Samir Abouelnaga, MD: Dr. Abouelnaga is a specialty Paediatrics doctor at University Hospitals of Morecambe Bay NHS Foundation Trust, UK.
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