There was a time when a minor cut only needed a quick wash and a bandage – and a mother’s magical healing kiss if you were a youngster. But if you have diabetes, a wound, cut or skin abrasion requires much more care and monitoring.
In most people who have diabetes, wounds and cuts heal slower than in non-diabetics. Diabetes also increases the chance of an infection in minor wounds and cuts. A small cut can turn into a large and very serious complication.
For example, a small injury on the foot can lead to foot ulcers. Diabetic foot ulcers, which are painful sores that can ultimately lead to foot amputation, affect 15 percent of people with diabetes .
Yes, amputation is a real possibility in severe cases. Do not make the mistake of thinking, “That won’t happen to me.”
Several factors play a role in wounds and infections in diabetics:
Suffering from minor wounds or cuts can be challenging with diabetes, but you can treat the problem with a little patience and good knowledge regarding what you should do.
Here are some important wound care tips for people with diabetes.
Before you start any kind of treatment, clean the affected area thoroughly. Proper cleaning of a wound will ensure optimal healing and reduce the risk of infection.
The easiest way to clean minor wounds is with clean running water. This will help remove as much dirt, debris and bacteria as possible.
At the same time, no matter how minor a wound is, if you are diabetic you need to check the wound more often.
Whenever you remove the bandage, thoroughly check the affected area for any sign of infection. If you notice any abnormalities, address it with your doctor immediately.
To reduce the risk of infection from minor wounds and cuts, it’s also important to keep a close eye on your blood sugar level.
High levels of glucose in the blood can delay the healing process and even increase the risk of infection.
A 2013 study published in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery found that people undergoing surgery for chronic diabetes wounds were more likely to fully heal if their blood glucose was well-controlled at the time of surgery .
So, when suffering from any kind of wounds, it is imperative to control your blood sugar level. You can do this by eating healthy and diabetic-friendly foods, and incorporating at least 30 minutes of physical activity into your daily routine.
Also, do not forget to take your medicines and insulin on time and as directed by your doctor.
Check your fasting and postprandial (post-meal) blood sugar levels several times each day, and see your doctor immediately if the levels are high.
Honey can be used to treat wounds in diabetic people.
Honey promotes rapid wound healing by stimulating tissue regeneration, angiogenesis and fibroblast growth. Also, the osmotic effect of honey keeps the wound moist and clean, which is important for healing.
Plus, the anti-inflammatory action of honey reduces pain and swelling.
A study published in the Journal of Wound Care in 2008 analyzed the safety and efficacy of a new honey ointment on diabetic foot ulcers and found it to be a promising, safe and conservative local treatment .
A 2014 study published in the Journal of Ayub Medical College reports that use of honey significantly reduced the rate of amputation and improved wound healing when used for wound dressings in chronic diabetic foot ulcers .
Another 2014 study published in Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine found honey to be a safer, faster and effective healing agent for diabetic wounds in comparison with other synthetic medications in terms of microbial resistance and treatment costs .
You can use aloe vera to treat wounds in diabetic people. Aloe vera has analgesic, anti-inflammatory and soothing properties.
Also, its gel is rich in phytochemicals that can ease pain, reduce inflammation, increase the moisture content in the skin and promote healing.
A 1998 study published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology indicated that aloe vera treatment of wounds in diabetic rats may enhance the wound healing process by influencing phases, such as inflammation, fibroplasia, collagen synthesis and maturation, and wound contraction. The study emphasizes that these effects may be due to the reported hypoglycemic effects of the aloe gel .
Later, a study published in the Australasian Medical Journal in 2012 found that an aloe vera gel preparation is cheap and was effective even against multi-drug resistant organisms as compared to the routinely used topical antimicrobial agents for the treatment of infected leg ulcers .
Turmeric is a natural antiseptic and antibiotic agent that can be used to heal minor wounds and prevent infection among diabetic people.
It is the compound curcumin in turmeric that improves wound healing by modulating collagen and decreasing reactive oxygen species.
A study published in Life Sciences in 2014 highlighted the wound-healing properties of curcumin, also providing evidence for its ability to enhance granulation tissue formation, collagen deposition, tissue remodeling and wound contraction .
A 2015 study published in Tropical Medicine & Surgery reports that curcumin possesses potent anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anti-infective properties, which make this molecule a worthy candidate for wound healing and is beneficial in the management of diabetic foot ulcers .
Coconut oil can effectively heal wounds in diabetic people.
The oil is effective due to its amazing antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, moisturizing and healing properties. It can even keep infections at bay and prevent scarring.
It even helps to deal with the pain and swelling associated with wounds and abrasions.
A 2018 study published in the European Journal of Anatomy found virgin coconut oil to be better than silver sulfadiazine cream in the healing of diabetic wounds via promoting re-epithelialization and collagen synthesize as well as increasing the wound closure rate and total protein content .
When it comes to wound healing, olive oil is also very effective. It’s rich in omega-3 fatty acids that can actually reduce inflammation, which can help speed up the wound healing stages. Its monounsaturated oleic and palmitoleic acids, in particular, help in wound healing.
A study published in the Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders in 2015 indicated that olive oil in combination with routine care is more effective than routine care alone, and is without any side effect. However, further studies are required to confirm these results .
Another 2015 study published in Burns found that taking olive oil orally increases the body’s ability to recover from a burn-related wound .
Include olive oil in your diet by using it in your salads, smoothies or soups.
For maintaining your blood sugar level and accelerating the healing process, your diet plays a key role.
You must try to eat foods that are high in protein, low in carbohydrates, low in calories and full of nutrition.
It is also important to get enough protein, as it helps repair the skin and other tissue that have been damaged. Pulses, legumes and dairy products are some of the good sources.
Also, eat more foods rich in vitamins C and E, as these powerful antioxidants boost the immune system to fight off infections and also promote quick healing. Some foods rich in vitamin C are oranges, tomatoes, strawberries, broccoli and red peppers.
Eat high-fiber foods like fruits, vegetables, beans, whole grains and nuts. Also, choose healthy unsaturated fats.
It’s not only what you eat but also how much you eat that matters. Be careful about portion sizes and try to eat 5 or 6 small meals rather than 2 or 3 large meals.
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