Mange is a common skin disease that affects dogs as well as other pets, such as birds and cats.
There are two main types of mange – sarcoptic mange (canine scabies) and demodectic mange (demodicosis or red mange).
Sarcoptic mange is caused by microscopic mites that are oval-shaped and light-colored. This type of mange is contagious to canines and humans.
On the other hand, demodectic mange is caused by demodex canis, another tiny mite that cannot be seen without the aid of a microscope. This mange strikes puppies from 3 to 12 months old and cannot be transmitted to humans.
Puppies recover quickly from mange, but adult dogs often require longer treatment to control the disease.
Your dog may develop mange due to exposure to an infected animal, dirty fur, lack of proper hygiene, an infection from the mother to the pup in unhygienic breeding conditions, frequent visits to shelter or boarding houses, and the use of dirty trimming shears and towels in pet salons.
Some common symptoms that you can see in dogs with mange are severe itching, hair loss, weight loss, crusty discharge from the ears, a general lethargic feeling, sores resulting from constant scratching and scabs forming at localized areas like the armpits, elbows, ears, chest or belly.
The intensity of the discomfort due to mange can lead to nervous, restless or agitated behavior in your dog.
There are many over-the-counter ointments and creams that can help treat this problem. You can also try some home remedies.
Also, the first step when your dog has mange is to isolate him or her to prevent the condition from spreading to other pets and humans.
Here are the top 10 home remedies for dogs with mange.
When used properly, a combination of hydrogen peroxide and borax works as one of the best and effective disinfectants for your dog.
Hydrogen peroxide is a natural disinfectant and cleanser and helps create an environment in which the mites cannot survive. The borax, another natural disinfectant, is effective at killing insects and fungi.
Also, use this solution to wash the bedding, toys and anything washable used by your pet.
Note: Ingesting borax can make your dog sick, so keep it in a safe and secure place where your dog cannot reach it.
Raw and unfiltered apple cider vinegar is another easy home remedy that can be applied topically to treat and control mange infection. Apple cider vinegar is mainly effective due to its antiseptic and antimicrobial properties.
Note: Never apply undiluted apple cider vinegar on your dog’s body, as it can sting.
The alkaline nature of sulfur soaps will keep the mange under control and reduce inflammation. Plus, it will kill the parasites responsible for the condition.
Neem, or Indian lilac, has varied dermatological benefits for both humans as well as pets. Its antiseptic nature helps treat mange and keep the infection at bay. It even nourishes and soothes the skin and ensures faster regrowth of fur.
Any kind of vegetable oil can also help get rid of the mites and treat mange.
The sticky nature of vegetable oil will help cut off the mites’ air supply, eventually killing them. It will also soften the wax-like deposits and scabs left behind by the mites, which in turn provides relief from the endless scratching.
Honey is another natural product that can help relieve your pet’s discomfort to a great extent.
This powerful antioxidant makes it difficult for the mites to survive for long on the skin. It will provide relief from all that painful itching and scratching.
Plus, its natural antiseptic nature helps heal the skin and prevent further infection.
Lemon is commonly used for treating several skin problems in humans, but what people don’t realize is that it is great for animals as well.
Being highly acidic, lemon juice can successfully kill the microscopic parasites. It even helps heal the damaged skin.
Note: Do not apply lemon juice directly on open scabs, as it can cause a burning sensation.
A mange infestation can be controlled by giving food-grade diatomaceous earth internally. It’s a nontoxic, safe substance for dogs to consume.
Note: Avoid getting diatomaceous earth around your dog’s eyes and mouth, as it can irritate the mucosa. Make sure you use food-grade diatomaceous earth, not the one meant for yard and garden.
To treat the problem of crusting discharge from your dog’s ears due to mange, yogurt is very helpful.
The acidophilus bacteria found in yogurt can help eliminate this symptom and relieve this particular discomfort experienced by your dog. Plus, yogurt is soothing to the skin and helps cleanse the affected area.
While aloe vera is a great cure for skin disorders in humans, it is also suitable for dogs. Due to its natural antiseptic and antiparasitic nature, aloe vera is a great remedy for mange in dogs.
This natural soothing agent can provide instant relief from itching and scratching, which cause a huge discomfort to your dog.
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